Efforts to understand the immune system have necessitated that researchers develop strategies for manipulation of the immune response under experimental conditions. In many cases, the continuous infusion of biological and chemical agents may be critical to mimic the natural immune response, or to minimize toxicity from high dose administration. ALZET osmotic pumps have been instrumental to scientists in the field of immunology, enabling continuous systemic or targeted delivery of antibodies, cytokines, immunosuppressants, antigens, antivirals, or genetic material.

Recent examples of this work are included in a general list of immunology references or in the bibliographies* listed below. If you are interested in a specific agent not listed below, check the index by Agent Administered.

*Some of these bibliographies have been truncated to keep the document to a reasonable length. These bibliographies are updated frequently. However, you can always contact us to request the most recent list of references, or additional references on your specific agent or research topic of interest.